Interaction Of The Teacher And Learner Talk In The Classroom (Prosesor Vol 2 Edisi 3 Juni 2011)
by Admin Utama - Sunday, 25 August 2013, 09:16 PM
Prosesor Vol 2 Edisi 3 Juni 2011


Staff Pengajar AMIK INTeL Com Global INDO


Speaking is regarded more representing what the speaker wants to say. By speaking, one can express his minds, ideas, and thoughts freely and spontaneously. It is not limited by rules of a language as in written languages. Spoken languages have already been used far before the written languages are found and used as a means as communication. Classroom interaction is the action performed by the lecture and the students during instruction interrelated. They interact with one another for a number of different reason and on a continued basis throughout the school day. Interaction Analysis is a system of classroom interaction analysis

Key word : Interaction, speaking

1. Introduction

English is one of the international languages. It has an important role in the world. Most people use English to communicate with other people from other countries. Science, technology, art and culture development also cannot be separated to the role of this language. For those reasons English has been taught at every level of education in Indonesia as the first foreign language (Ramelan, 1992:3).

Since English has become an urgent need in Indonesia as a means to develop Indonesian people quality, it is taught earlier at school beginning from elementary schools as a local content up to third grade of senior high schools. But unfortunately even though various methods and approaches have been tried out to reach the purpose, the result has not been satisfactory yet.

The objectives of English teaching cover the four language skills: listening, speaking, writing, and reading through the mastery of the language components: vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation.

As we people know that final result of teaching is affected by some factors, they are: learners, the lecture, time allotment, material, the use of visual aid, methodology, teaching material and interaction between the lecture and students in the classroom.

Interaction is viewed as significant as it is argued that:

a. only through interaction can the learners decompose the target
language structures and derive meaning from classroom events

b. interaction gives learners the opportunities to incorporate target
language structures to their own speech (the scaffolding principle)

c. the meaningfulness for learners of classroom events of any kinds
whether thought of as interactive or not, will depend on the extend to
which communication has been jointly constructed between the
lecture and the learners (Craig Chaudron, 1998 : 10)

From the statements above it can be inferred that classroom interaction includes all of the classroom events, both verbal interaction and non interaction. The verbal interaction takes place because of the lecture and learners talk, while non-verbal interaction covers gestures or facial expression by the lecture and learners when they communicate without using words. These two kinds of talk are important; they dominate the classroom events and influence students' foreign language acquisition. Learners learn not only through comprehensible input but also their own output. But a good lesson is not one in which students do all or even most of the talking. Some lesson may be good if they are carefully structured in such away that students do a good deal of talking and at the same time get a lot of feedback from the lecture, both formally and informally. But this is by no m

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