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AN ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS’ ERRORS ON THE USE GERUND IN SENTENCE (Prosesor Vol 2 Edisi 4 Desember 2011)
by Admin Utama - Sunday, 25 August 2013, 09:29 PM
 
Prosesor Vol 2 Edisi 4 Desember 2011

Riduan & Indah Kusuma Dewi

Staff Pengajar AMIK INTeL Com Global INDO

Abstract

Gerund is a verb -ing functioning as a noun. This -ing form is a part of noun and a part of verb since it is formed from a verb. Meanwhile, gerund phrase is composed of the gerund and any words organized with it. Like nouns, commonly, gerund may function as subjects, complements and objects

In learning the target language, the students' errors may occur in the components of the language. Students often make a sentence which is syntactically right but lexically wrong or vice versa. This shows that the students have difficulties in using words or sentences appropriately.

In order to make it easier for the learners to study the target language, all problems or errors faced by them should be observed, analyzed, classified to find or to reveal the solution to the problems. The study of the errors is commonly called error analysis

Key word : Error, Learning gerud



1. Introduction

Learning English is not as easy as we may imagine. Since English is the first foreign language in Indonesia, it requires great efforts for the students to learn the elements of the language, such as grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and spelling. The elements of English differ from those of "Bahasa Indonesia".

It is identified through Contrastive Analysis (Tarigan, 1989:4-5) that the differences between two languages cause problems to students. The problems can also be caused by the interference of the students' first language. For example, "Bahasa Indonesia" does not have tenses like those in English. This difference constitutes problems in learning English. They often make a lot of mistakes.

In learning the target language, the students' errors may occur in the components of the language. Students often make a sentence which is syntactically right but lexically wrong or vice versa. This shows that the students have difficulties in using words or sentences appropriately.

So English is a language of high importance in the international relationship either formally or informally. Considering that English has a crucial position, the Indonesian Government realizes that the language has to be learned by the Indonesian people without ignoring the status of the Indonesian language as their own national language. The teaching of English in Indonesia has begun since the Proclamation of Independence of Indonesia on the 17th of August 1945. The language has been taught at Junior High School, Senior High School, and even at the level of University (Ramelan, 1992:1). This is done in order that Indonesian students can communicate in English and do not have any difficulties in transferring the science and technology coming from foreign countries, because most scientific books are written in English.


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