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AN ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS' ERRORS IN PRONOUNCING ENGLISH VOWELS (Prosesor Vol 3 Edisi 5 Juni 2012)
by Admin Utama - Monday, 26 August 2013, 06:27 PM
 
Prosesor Vol 3 Edisi 5 Juni 2012

Riduan & Effendi

Staff Pengajar AMIK INTeL Com Global INDO

Abstract

Error and mistake are familiar words but some people do not know the distinction between errors and mistake exactly. Some people cannot avoid problems in making mistakes because error and mistake are important aspect in a learning process. Gradually by making mistakes, he knows whether something is right or not. Pronunciation plays an important role in learning a second or a foreign language. Although students have English subject at school, most of them often make errors, for example: in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The writer explained before that language has three major components including phonology, vocabulary, and grammar. Among these components, phonology takes an important role. Automatically, phonology relates with pronunciation. So, the writer is interested in doing research about pronunciation (especially about vowels).

Key Words : Error, Pronunciation

1. Introduction

Every human being has a language. It is used to convey messages to other people and without a language the people will find it difficult to communicate and express their ideas, thought and wishes. According to Finocchiaro (1974: 3), "Language is a system of arbitrary, vocal symbols, which permit all people in a given culture, or other people who have learned the system of that culture, to communicate or to interact."

In Indonesia, people speak Indonesian as their second language to communicate with anyone (Indonesian) whatever his first language he speaks (Javanese, Madurese, Sundanese, etc), but when they want to speak to other people coming from other countries, they cannot use Indonesian as a means of communication. English is a way to solve the miscommunication between Indonesian and people from other countries since English is used as an international language.

The Indonesian government has chosen English as the first foreign language. It means that it is taught in all educational institutions at all levels from elementary school up to university. Besides, as stated above English is used as lingua franca, as it is an international language used in many countries throughout the world. For this reason, millions of Indonesian students want to learn English in order to be able to speak English.

According to Ramelan (1994: 1), phonology is the study of phones or speech sounds. There are two studies of phonology, phonetics and phonemics. Phonemics is the study of speech sounds with a view to finding out the significant units of sounds in a given language. Phonetics is the study of speech sounds as sounds, without regard to their function as signaling units of language.

Phonetics is divided into two kinds, namely Articulator Phonetics and Acoustic Phonetics. Articulatory phonetics studies speech sounds from the point of view of their ways of production by the speech organs. Articulatory phonetics explains the suprasegmental and segmental features. Suprasegmental features, which refer to such feature as stress, pitch, length, intonation, and other features, always accompany the production of segmental. Segmental features refer to sound units arranged in a sequential order. Segmental features consist of vowels and consonants, diphthongs and their distribution.

Pronunciation plays an important role in learning a second or a foreign language. Although students have English subject at school, most of them often make errors, for example: in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The writer explained before that language has three major components including phonology, vocabulary, and grammar. Among these components, phonology takes an important role. Automatically, phonology relates with pronunciation. So, the writer is interested in doing research about pronunciation (especially about vowels).

In this research the writer wants to know about the kinds of errors made by students of Senior High School in pronouncing segmental features (especially vowels) because pronunciation is very important for them, and it will make it easier for them when they speak with foreigners.


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